Carlo Rubbia was born in Gorizia on 31st March 1934. He graduated in Physics at Scuola Normale of Pisa. In 1959 he obtained his PhD from Columbia University (USA). Since 1961 he has been working at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Geneva, becoming its Director General from 1989 to 1994.
In 1984 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for the discovery of the intermediate vector bosons together with Simon van der Meer.
From 1972 to 1989 Carlo Rubbia has held the Higgins Professorship of Physics at Harvard University. He was the President of Sincrotrone Trieste - Synchrotron Light Radiation Source (1986 -1994) one of the first third-generation synchrotron radiation sources in the world.
During the 1990s Rubbia proposed the concept of an energy amplifier (ADS) – a novel and safe way of producing practically unlimited nuclear energy exploiting present-day accelerator technologies from natural thorium and depleted uranium. The energy resources potentially deriving from this technology, which is actively being studied worldwide, will be practically unlimited and non-proliferating.
During his term as President of ENEA, the Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment (1999-2005), he developed a novel method for concentrating solar power at high temperatures for energy production, known as the Archimedes Project, which has been developed by industry for commercial use.
From 2010 to 2015 he was the Scientific Director of the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) in Potsdam. Carlo Rubbia holds 38 honorary degrees and is a member of many prestigious scientific academies.
In 2013 he was appointed Senator for life by the President of the Italian Republic.
He leads the ICARUS experiment at Fermilab (USA).