ASC Moment|追寻科学之光,点燃探索未知世界的热情

 

2019亚洲科学夏令营的主题为“科学、青年、未来”。持续多天的大师讲座让拥有科学理想的青年有机会近距离聆听大师的“声音”,点燃热爱科学探索未知世界的热情。

 

开营第2天,给全体营员进行分享的是美国麻省理工学院高级研究员、奥地利科学院院士张曙光教授;香港大学新发传染性疾病国家重点实验室主任、汕头大学-香港大学联合病毒学研究所所长,最先发现SARS病毒传播源的科学家管轶教授;世界“人工细胞之父”,加拿大皇家医学院、皇家学会院士张明瑞教授。


 

 

始终保持好奇心,一生追寻科学之光——从自然界的分形现象说起

 

 

张曙光教授从数学家Benoit Mandelbrot提出的分形数学切入。他介绍道,自然界的分形现象无处不在。宇宙、银河系、行星、云、闪电、亚马逊河、长江、黄河、沙丘、石头,甚至我们的血液循环系统、肺气道和手掌都存在着分形现象。


 

 


 

张曙光教授用大量实例表明,分形概念被广泛应用在许多领域中。他强调,做科学研究一定要保持好奇心,要善于提问。只有打破常规才能提升科研的创新能力,从而产生对社会具有重大意义的科研成果。


 

张曙光教授还特别为营员们列了一张阅读清单,包括《The Water Kingdom》《Elegant Solutions》等28本科普书。“保持阅读的习惯,多读好书特别是关于自然的书,你会发现,书中的内容比终日沉迷手机刷微信有意思多了。”


 

 

 

世界更加拥挤,病毒何去何从

 

 

作为香港大学新发传染性疾病国家重点实验室主任,管轶教授为中国避免第二次SARS病毒爆发做出了重大贡献。他指出,尽管现代科技为对抗病菌提供了有力措施,但控制和治疗新发传染病却十分困难。“交通工具的便利性使得病毒的传播比以往更快,留给我们解决问题的时间更加有限,我们必须与时间赛跑。”


 

 


 

管轶教授通过对SARS和MERS病毒传播的分析,进一步向营员们分享如何有效遏制疫情扩散。在回答营员们关于病毒是否有可能造福人类的问题时,他表示,人类一直希望可以利用病毒,让病毒成为人类的好朋友。“我们的研究只是打开了一扇门,我希望这个梦想能够在你们这一代实现。”

 

开始发明的3个W和1个H : 以人工细胞为例

 

 

张明瑞教授以自身研究经历为例,开启了此次讲座。他读本科期间便提出制造人工细胞,但这一想法被周围的人认为是一个“非常荒唐的念头”。然而他不愿意放弃,把自己关在房间里,不断尝试,最终促使了世界上第一个人工血红细胞的诞生。通过跳出思维定势,他在繁殖生物细胞时,制造了具有维度、内容物和细胞膜的人造细胞。


 

 


 

张明瑞教授他随后分享了人工细胞在基因修复、水产养殖、纳米机器人等领域的用途。“要相信自己,不要放弃。一切皆有可能。”

 


 

 

 

“太令人惊讶了,没想到竟然连细胞都可以人造。这是个有趣的讲座,了解到了很多关于生物的知识。”

——Jemma Henneveld(新西兰)


 

 

小时候我对世界充满了好奇,但长大之后这份好奇却少了很多。确实,带着好奇才能发现问题,有问题才能想方法去解决。

 

——Hanji(中国)


 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

The Plenary Sessions, which will last for several days, give young people who have scientific ideals the opportunity to listen to top scientists and ignite the passion to explore the unknown.

 

On the second day, the top scientists who share with the campers their Scientific insights and life experiences include Prof. Zhang Shuguang (USA), member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences; Prof. Guan Yi (China), the director of the State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases at the University of Hong Kong and Prof. Thomas Chang (Canada), the inventor of artificial cells, member of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences and emeritus professor of McGill University.

 

 

 

Fractals of Nature:Be curious and ask big questions lead to discoveries and new economy

 


 

Prof. Zhang Shuguang began his speech with fractal mathematic theory raised by Benoit Mandelbrot, a mathematician. He said that fractal phenomena is everywhere, ranging from a stone to the universe, and even existing in human body, such as our blood circulation system. He gave many examples to prove that fractal patterns have been widely used in many areas and emphasized the importance of curiosity. He said, "You should always ask questions. If you ask big questions, you get big answers."

 

28 popular science books such as The Water KingdomElegant Solutions were recommanded by Prof. Zhang during the speech. "Keep reading books, especially those about nature. You will learn more from them instead of being a smartphone addict."


 

 

 

 

Viruses in a more crowded world-The impact on social development

 


 

As the director of the State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases and the Center of Influenza Research, Prof. Guan Yi helped the Chinese Government successfully avert the second SARS outbreak in early 2004. He pointed out that although modern science and technology offered us powerful measures to deal with these pathogens, controlling and treating emerging infectious diseases was very difficult. "With the popularity of air travel, viruses spread much more rapidly than before and the time to find solutions is limited." He further shared about solutions to manage the threat of viruses by analyzing the transmission of SARS and MERS.


 

 


 

During the Q & A session, students asked whether the viruses can be useful for human. Prof. Guan said that people always hope to exploit viruses. "Our research is just opening the door, and I hope the dream will come true in your generation."

 

When can you start inventing,and how,why and what: using Artificial cell as an example

 

 

Prof. Thomas Chang started the lecture with his research experience. He generated the idea of artificial cell during his undergraduate study. Even though there were lots of ridicules, he persisted in his research and realized his dream eventually-making the first artificial cell in the world. By breaking "out of the box", he prepares artificial cells with dimensions, contents and membranes when reproducing biological cells. 


 

"Artificial can beapplied to gene therapy, aquatic culture, nanorobotics and other areas," Prof. Chang said, "you should believe in yourself. Never give up. Everything is possible."


 

 


 

 

It's amazing. Inever think cells can be manmade. What an interesting lecture! I learnt a lotabout the knowledge of biology.”

-Jemma Henneveld(NewZealand)

 

I used to be curiousabout the nature when I was a child. Indeed, only with curiosity can you findnew problems. Only when there is a problem can you solve it. 

-Hanji (China)

 

 

 

 


文字:ASC2019媒体组(戴逸、刘铭勤)

图片:ASC2019媒体组(曾嘉怡、陈可)

文字编辑:GTIIT传媒与公共事务部、ASC2019媒体组(陈余钿)
 

图片编辑:汕头大学新闻中心

Text by ASC 2019 Media group (Dai Yi, Liu Mingqin)  

Photos by ASC 2019 Media group (Zeng Jiayi, Chen Ke)  

Text edited by GTIIT News and Public Affairs, ASC 2019 Media group (Chen Yutian)

Photos edited by STU News Center